How to Pause Squat Correctly and Safely
How to do Pause Squats Correctly and Safely
PAUSE SQUAT VS SQUAT
The pause squat is a very close variation to the barbell back squat that requires you to come to a complete stop in the bottom position. They are by far one of the most difficult squatting variations possible.
They force you to maintain absolute tightness and proper positioning in the bottom position, which will help improve your overall squatting technique and your explosive strength.
Expect to lift at least 10-15% percent less on a pause squat than a regular squat.
PAUSE SQUAT FORM VIDEO
BENEFITS OF THE PAUSE SQUAT
- Builds explosive strength as you are required to reverse the movement from a dead stop
- Improves squatting technique
- Improves confidence in the most difficult part of the movement
Improves mobility in the hips, ankles, knees and thoracic spine
Encourages strength development of the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes and abdominal muscles
Pause squats increase time under tension (TUT), which can increase muscle mass/hypertophy
MUSCLES WORKED DURING THE PAUSE SQUAT
PERFORMING THE PAUSED SQUAT WITH PROPER TECHNIQUE
- The pause squat is performed exactly the same as a regular back squat
Approach a barbell that is set up in a power rack at the mid-chest (above the nipple) level
Set your grip on the bar just outside of shoulder width with your thumbs wrapped around the bar
Dive underneath the bar and position it on the natural shelf created between your trapezius muscles and the top of your scapula
(If you are performing a high bar squat, the bar will go on top of your trapezius muscles)
Squeeze your scapulae together without shrugging and maintain this position throughout the entire lift
Stand up to the weight and take up to three steps back to position your feet just outside of shoulder width
You can point your toes straight, or angled out 15-30 degrees
Take a big breath, brace your core, and begin the movement by simultaneously bending at the hips and knees until your depth is just 'below parallel'
'Below parallel' means that your hip crease is below the top of your knee when looking from the side
Keep your head neutral, your feet flat on the floor, your core braced, and your back flat
Stay motionless in the bottom position for a 2 count
While in the hole, keep everything engaged, especially your core muscles
Reverse the movement by pushing straight back up with even pressure across your feet
Exhale at the top of the lift and squeeze your glutes to finish extending your hips
Maintain a flat neutral spine throughout the movement
COMMON PAUSE SQUAT MISTAKES
Not Pausing Long Enough
It is important to do this movement with a complete dead stop pause at the bottom of the squat. Far too many people do a half-ass pause and come back up. Pause for a 2 count after you have become motionless at the bottom of the movement, otherwise, the movement is useless.
The same mistakes that occur in the Back Squat can also occur on the Pause Squat
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How Long Should I Pause Squat For?
Pause for at least a 2 count after you have become motionless at the bottom of the movement.
How Do I Implement Pause Squat Into My Program?
The Pause Squat can be implemented into your program in one of two ways.
- First, you can use it as your main squat movement and progress just as you would any squat pattern.
- Or you can use it as a supplemental squat exercise, using a different variation earlier in the week, and the pause squat later in the week.
How Much Should I Pause Squat?
Given that the pause squat is significantly harder than a traditional squat, always start off light. Expect to lift approximately 10-15% less than a back squat.
What Is The Optimal Pause Squat Rep Range?
Pause squats are hard! You will get out of breath fast. As such, it is a good idea to not perform more than 8 repetitions per set. I recommend performing 4-6 reps per set.
Check out a full list of our other exercises here