How to do Back Raises Correctly and Safely

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INTRODUCTION

Developing a strong posterior chain is a vital component to having a strong healthy body. Far too often, trainees over emphasize training their ‘mirror muscles’ such as the chest, the abs and the quads. This can lead to muscle imbalances, pain and injury. Fortunately there are many compound exercises that can train all of the posterior chain muscles at once. The back raise is one of them.

 

BACK RAISE VS BACK EXTENSIONS VS GLUTE HAM RAISE

Most people think back raises and back extensions are the same exercise. They are different.

Back Raises are performed on a 45 degree back raise machine. They train the muscles of the posterior chain which includes the low back and the posterior legs.

Back Extensions are an exercise that are performed on a preacher curl machine and it is meant to train the upper back, or improve thoracic extension. Smitty Diesel Made a good article on this.

Glute ham raises require a GHD machine. They train your posterior chain through flexion of the hamstring muscles. This exercise does not train the low back muscles as much.

Please do not call any of these exercises hyper extensions. We do not want to nor should we ever hyper extend anything on our bodies.

BACK RAISES FORM VIDEO

 

BENEFITS OF THE BACK RAISE

  • Activates the glute muscles which are often dormant in the general population
  • Strengthens the muscles of the low back and the posterior chain, which are often underutilized when compared to the quadriceps muscles
  • Improves hip extension, and isometric back strength, which is necessary for low back health 

 

MUSCLES WORKED DURING THE BACK RAISE

  • Glutes

  • Hamstrings

  • Adductors

  • Spinal Erectors 

  • Other Low Back Muscles 

 

BACK RAISE ALTERNATIVES

Not everyone has access to a back raise machine. Fortunately, there are other exercises that resemble this movement and all you need is a barbell

The Goodmorning

The Romanian Deadlift

 

PERFORMING THE BACK RAISE WITH PROPER TECHNIQUE

  • Approach a back raise machine that is set to 45 degrees

  • Ensure that the padding for the legs is at a height where you can bend from your spine without difficulty 

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  • Position yourself on the machine and lock your ankles behind the ankle padding

  • Stand up tall and brace your core and keep your spine neutral

  • You can choose to keep your arms across your chest, or you can perform it with a light dumbbell 

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  • From this position, begin bending at the hips while keeping your legs relatively straight 

  • You will begin to feel a stretch in your hamstrings 

  • Keep going until you reach your end range of motion. You’ll most likely be able to bend to at least 90 degrees of hip flexion 

  • Ensure that you maintain a neutral spine throughout the range of motion 

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  • Reverse the movement by raising your back back to its starting position without changing your spinal alignment 

  • Once you’re almost upright, flex your glutes hard

  • Stop the motion once your are back to neutral

  • DO NOT HYPEREXTEND your back beyond the neutral position

This exercise can easily be scaled with added weight. Simply hold a dumbbell across your chest.

 

SUMMARY OF THE BACK RAISE TECHNIQUE 

 

Click on each blue circle to view the key technical aspects of this exercise

 

 

COMMON MISTAKES

HYPER-EXTENDING AT THE BACK

This is dangerous and can cause significant injury to your low back, especially if you are adding external resistance. Flex your glutes at the top and stop when you are upright

 

 

 

 

Check out a full list of our other exercises here

 

Alex & Brittany Robles are the founders of The White Coat Trainer, a site dedicated to improving the health and wellness of busy individuals. Learn more about them here and connect with them on instagram and Twitter. Feel free to send them a message here