The Only Exercises You Need to Create Effective Workouts

You Should Only do Essential Exercises

Why do mediocre exercises, when you can do the best exercises?

You already have an awesome workout template that'll improve your strength and fitness levels, now you need some exercises to fill it in.  If you haven't seen the template yet, you can find it at The Best Workout Template for Busy Professionals.

Busy professionals don't have an hour to spend at the gym. If you want to improve your fitness, you need to be strategic. It starts by using only the best exercises that give the biggest return on investment.

These exercises are not only efficient, they are essential.

The exercises that you use in your routine can make or break your workout program. Improper exercise selection can mean the difference between accomplishing your fitness goals, and wasting your time.

In The Best Workout Template, we discussed using Major Upper Body and Major Lower Body Compound Exercises, as well as Minor Upper Body and Minor Lower Body variations.

Today we will talk more about each one of these.

 

This post will cover:

  • The Two Major Lower Body Compound Exercises and their Minor Variations

  • The Two Major Upper Body Compound Exercises and their Minor Variations

  • The Major Core/Abdominal Exercises and why you shouldn't do sit-ups

 

*The exercises included on this post are not comprehensive, instead we selected the ones we think are the best of the best.*

 

Let's get started...


1. The Best Lower Body Exercises

The Squat pattern is the most fundamental Lower Body Compound exercise for basic human movement.  

 
 

If you could only do one exercise, this would be it.

Believe it or not, everyone squats numerous times a day. Every single time you sit down and stand up you are squatting. Every time you pick something up off the ground (if you do it correctly) you are squatting.

The fascinating thing about squats is that it has so many different variations that every single human can find a scalable version of the squat that they can perform.

 

Squats could be done

- Against resistance (barbells, dumbbells, kettle bells) 

- With your body-weight (air squats, jump squats, box squats)

- With support (i.e. holding onto a chair that is placed in front of you for additional support)

 

It is unfortunate to hear people say that they cannot squat down because of pain or restrictions.  

So what you're saying is that you cannot ever sit or stand back up?

 

Regardless of whatever limitation you may have, there exists a squat variation that you can perform to strengthen and relearn this natural pattern. This is a movement pattern that must be trained and nourished for the rest of our lives.

 

Squat Exercises Improve

- The strength of the legs, glutes and core muscles,

- The mobility of the hips, knees and ankles,

- Lean muscle mass development of the lower body

 

Major Compound Squat Exercises

  • Back Squat
  • Pause Squat
  • Front Squat
  • Barbell Lunge
  • Barbell Split Squat

 

Minor Compound Squats Exercises



 

2. The Best Hip Exercises

The next best Lower Body Compound pattern is the hip hinge. These include exercises that activate and strengthen your glutes, your back, and your hamstrings.

These powerful muscles work synergistically to extend (straighten) your hips from a flexed position.  

 
hip-extension-exercises
 

Not only do these muscles look good, many trainers would argue that the glutes are the most important skeletal muscles in the body. The glutes are responsible for keeping you erect while you stand and while you walk, and allow you to stand up from a seated position.  

Hip hinge exercises include all variations of the deadlift exercise and a few other close variations.  

 

Hip Exercises Improve

- The strength of the upper back, low back, hamstrings, glutes and core muscles,

- The mobility of the hips and thoracic spine,

- Lean muscle mass development of the lower body and posterior chain

 

Major Compound Hip Exercises

 

Minor Compound Hip Exercises


 

3. The Best Pull Exercises

The upper body pull is the first essential Upper Body Compound exercise that training programs must include in their arsenal.  

These exercises train the large muscles of the back including the rhomboids, the posterior deltoids, the trapezius muscles as well as the spinal erectors.  

One of the biggest mistakes I see people make when it comes to their training is neglecting the upper body pull.

 
upper-body-pull-exercise
 

Unfortunately, the back muscles are not ‘mirror muscles.’  This means that they are less likely to be trained because they cannot be readily seen in the mirror.  

Being able to pull objects towards you is a critical human movement that deserves constant attention.  These exercises include all rowing variations as well as pull-up variations.  

 

Pulling Exercises Improve

- The strength of the upper back, lats, and posterior shoulder muscles,

- The posture that is created from rounded shoulders and a kyphotic spine,

- Lean muscle mass development of the upper body

 

Major Compound Pulling Exercises


 

Minor Compound Pulling Exercises

You can also vary the height at which you pull which can emphasize a different part of the back; i.e  you can row towards your face, towards your chest or towards your abdomen.



 

4. The Best Push Exercises

The opposite of the upper body pull is the upper body push. The upper body push is group of movements that train the deltoid (shoulder) muscles, the triceps and the pectoralis (chest) muscles.  

The options are numerous, and they include horizontal pushing, vertical pushing, and incline pushing variations.  

 
push-exercise
 

These exercises are extremely popular, and are already being performed frequently in all gyms. It is important to know that excessive use of the upper body pushing exercises can exacerbate an anterior dominant posture, creating muscular imbalances and shoulder pain.  

Push exercises must be balanced by an equal amount of pull exercises.

Examples are the barbell bench press, dumbbell bench press, barbell overhead press, dumbbell overhead press (standing and seated varieties), incline barbell bench press, incline dumbbell bench press and all pushup variations.

 

Pushing Exercises Improve

- The strength of the chest, the arms, the triceps and the shoulder muscles,

- Stable shoulder positions in the horizontal and vertical plane,

- Lean muscle mass development of the upper body

 

Major Compound Push Exercises

 

Minor Compound Push Exercises



5. The Best Ab Exercises

Core training is already a key component of all training regimens.  However, most programs go about training the abs in the wrong way.

The abdominal muscles should not be trained via sit-ups or crunches.

Sit-ups and crunches are horrible exercise that have become extremely popular by magazines and other fitness ‘gurus.’ These exercises create poor spinal mechanics and repetitively place your neck and spine in compromised positions.  

core-training-exercise

Your abdominal muscles are meant to stabilize your core and allow you to maintain a well aligned posture despite external forces.  This is why your abs should be trained for stability.

Having true core strength will allow you to resist lateral, sagittal, and rotational forces on your spine.

 

Core Exercises Improve

- The stability of the rectus abdominus, the obliques and the transverse abdominus muscles

- Spinal health and integrity

- Low back pain

 

Major Core Exercises

 


 

If you only use the exercises listed above, you will improve your strength and fitness levels significantly over the long haul. Stop wasting your time doing tricep kick-backs and bosu-ball sit-ups.

If you want real results, and you don't have an hour to spend at the gym, use the best template, and only the best exercises. 

 

What if I Have Pain When Doing Exercise?

One of the biggest excuses people have for not exercising is pain.  Sometimes it only occurs during certain exercises such as a squat or a bench press.

More often than not, pain while exercising is due to poor joint positioning when performing the movement.  Besides working on your technique, your posture may also play a role in preventing you from achieving these positions.  Check and see how your posture holds up at You Probably Have Bad Posture- Here's How to Tell


What do you think?  Do you agree with our list?

 

 

Post your comments and questions below.  

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Alex & Brittany Robles are the founders of The White Coat Trainer, a site dedicated to improving the health and wellness of busy individuals. Learn more about them here and connect with them on instagram and Twitter. Feel free to send them a message here